Ammonia is a powerful air pollutant and a highly reactive form of nitrogen. Northern Ireland has very high and increasing ammonia emissions. Agriculture is responsible for 94% of atmospheric ammonia in Northern Ireland with 69% from cattle.
High levels of ammonia:
- Causes damage to plants and sensitive habitats, including designated sites, and species loss; and
- Contributes to the formation of Particulate Matter which adversely affects human health
Nitrogen loss by ammonia – reduces the fertiliser value of slurry and manure – requiring increased chemical fertiliser purchases. The UK is obliged under international law to reduce ammonia emissions by 8% by 2020 and by 16% by 2030 (from 2005 levels). DAERA is working with Stakeholders to develop an Action Plan to reduce ammonia emissions.
View the CAFRE Ammonia Challenge video to find out more information on nitrogen management and how to reduce ammonia emissions.